Frequently Asked Questions

  1. WHY DID I RECEIVE THE NOTICE?
  2. WHAT IS THIS LAWSUIT ABOUT?
  3. WHY DID THE PARTIES DECIDE TO SETTLE?
  4. WHY IS IT CALLED A PROPOSED CLASS ACTION SETTLEMENT?
  5. HOW DO I KNOW IF I AM PART OF THE CLASS ACTION SETTLEMENT?
  6. WHAT IF I AM NOT SURE WHETHER I AM A SETTLEMENT CLASS MEMBER?
  7. HOW WILL THE SETTLEMENT MONEY BE DIVIDED?
  8. WHAT IF THERE ARE UNCLAIMED OR UNDISTRIBUTED FUNDS?
  9. DO I HAVE TO DO ANYTHING TO GET MONEY FROM THE SETTLEMENT?
  10. WHEN WILL I GET MY CHECK?
  11. WHERE WILL MY CHECK BE SENT?
  12. HOW DO I TELL THE COURT IF I DO NOT LIKE THE SETTLEMENT?
  13. WHEN AND WHERE WILL THE COURT DECIDE WHETHER TO APPROVE THE SETTLEMENT?
  14. DO I HAVE TO COME TO THE HEARING?
  15. DO SETTLEMENT CLASS MEMBERS HAVE A LAWYER IN THIS CASE?
  16. IF I AM A SETTLEMENT CLASS MEMBER, SHOULD I GET MY OWN LAWYER?
  17. HOW WILL THE LAWYERS BE PAID?
  18. ARE MORE DETAILS AVAILABLE?
  1. WHY DID I RECEIVE THE NOTICE?

    According to the records of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, which runs PACER, PACER fees were paid for your PACER account between April 21, 2010 and May 31, 2018, inclusive. This notice explains that the parties have entered into a proposed class action settlement that may affect you. You may have legal rights and options that you may exercise before the Court decides to grant final approval of the settlement. Judge Paul Friedman of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia is overseeing this class action. The lawsuit is known as National Veterans Legal Services Program, et al. v. United States, Civil Action No. 1:16-cv-00745-PLF.

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  2. WHAT IS THIS LAWSUIT ABOUT?

    This lawsuit alleges that the government has unlawfully charged users of Public Access to Court Electronic Record (“PACER”) system more than necessary to cover the costs of providing public access to federal court records.

    In the lawsuit, the Plaintiffs say that Congress authorized the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts to charge PACER fees only to the extent necessary to cover the costs of providing the service, but that the federal courts are charging more than that. You can read the Plaintiffs’ Class Action Complaint and the Defendant’s Answer at Court Documents.

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  3. WHY DID THE PARTIES DECIDE TO SETTLE?

    The parties have agreed to settle to avoid the cost and risk of litigation. The parties have engaged in extensive, arm’s-length negotiations with the assistance of a mediator. After carefully considering the facts and applicable law and the risks, costs, delay, inconvenience, and uncertainty of continued and protracted litigation, Class Counsel have concluded that it is in the best interest of the Class to compromise and settle the lawsuit. Class Counsel have also determined that the Settlement Agreement is fair, reasonable, and adequate, and in the best interest of the Settlement Class Members. This settlement does not impact any claims based on PACER usage after May 31, 2018, or any of the claims now pending in Fisher v. United States, No. 15-1575 (Fed. Cl.).

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  4. WHY IS IT CALLED A PROPOSED CLASS ACTION SETTLEMENT?

    It is called a proposed class action settlement because it cannot become final until it is approved by the Court. Proposed class action settlements typically are reviewed by a court twice: once for preliminary approval and once for final approval. Here, the Court has given the proposed settlement preliminary approval, and has conditionally certified a Settlement Class. However, the Court cannot decide whether to finally approve the proposed settlement until the final Fairness Hearing.

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  5. HOW DO I KNOW IF I AM PART OF THE CLASS ACTION SETTLEMENT?

    To see if you will be affected by the proposed class action settlement or if you can receive money from it, you first have to determine if you are a Settlement Class Member.

    The Settlement Class means all persons or entities who paid PACER fees between April 21, 2010 and May 31, 2018, excluding Class Counsel in this case, federal government agencies, and persons and entities who have opted out. If an entity paid your PACER fees on your behalf, that entity is a member of the Class. No later than Tuesday, September 5th, 2023, you should notify the claims administrator and designate the proper payer to receive the settlement payment. If you accept payment of any settlement proceeds, you are verifying that you paid the PACER fees and are the proper recipient of the settlement funds.

    If you directly paid PACER fees on someone else’s behalf (e.g., as an employer on behalf of an employee), you may be a Class Member, and may notify the claims administrator that you paid PACER fees on someone else’s behalf. That notification must be made no later than Tuesday, September 5th, 2023.

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  6. WHAT IF I AM NOT SURE WHETHER I AM A SETTLEMENT CLASS MEMBER?

    If you are still not sure whether you are included, write to the claims administrator in this case at, PACER Fees Class Action Administrator, P.O. Box 301134, Los Angeles, CA 90030-1134 or contact class counsel by emailing [email protected] or by calling 800-934-2792.

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  7. HOW WILL THE SETTLEMENT MONEY BE DIVIDED?

    The United States has agreed to pay $125,000,000 to settle the lawsuit. This is referred to as the common fund. All attorneys’ fees, expenses, incentive awards, and claims-administration costs will be deducted from the common fund. Combined, this amount will be no more than 20% of the common fund. The remaining amount will be distributed to the Class as follows:

    Each Class Member (i.e., payer of PACER fees) will receive a minimum payment amount equal to the lesser of $350 or the total amount paid in PACER fees by that Class Member for use of PACER during the Class Period (April 21, 2010 through and including May 31, 2018). The remainder will be allocated pro rata (based on the amount of PACER fees paid in excess of $350 during the Class Period) to all Class Members who paid more than $350 in PACER fees during the Class Period.

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  8. WHAT IF THERE ARE UNCLAIMED OR UNDISTRIBUTED FUNDS?

    If, despite the claims administrator’s best efforts, there are unclaimed or undistributed funds, there will be a second distribution. The only Class Members who are eligible for a second distribution are those who: (1) paid a total amount of more than $350 in PACER fees for use of PACER during the class period; and (2) deposited or otherwise collected their payment from the first distribution. The administrator shall determine how many Class Members meet this requirement, and then distribute to each Class Member an equal allocation of the unclaimed or undistributed funds. No Class Member may receive a total recovery (combining the first and second distributions) that exceeds the total amount of PACER fees that the Class Member paid for use of PACER during the Class Period.

    If, after the second distribution, there are still unclaimed or undistributed funds, these funds shall revert unconditionally to the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

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  9. DO I HAVE TO DO ANYTHING TO GET MONEY FROM THE SETTLEMENT?

    No. You do not have to do anything to get money from the settlement. You will receive a check with your share of the common fund, assuming the Court grants final approval of the settlement.

    Refund forms for settlement payments submitted to the PACER Service Center will not be processed. All settlement payments will be processed by the claims administrator.

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  10. WHEN WILL I GET MY CHECK?

    If the Court grants final approval of the settlement, you will receive a check after final approval, but not sooner than 180 days after receipt of the settlement funds or information necessary to distribute payment.

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  11. WHERE WILL MY CHECK BE SENT?

    If the Court grants final approval of the settlement, your check will be sent to the address that was provided to Class Counsel by the Administrative Office of the United States Courts.

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  12. HOW DO I TELL THE COURT IF I DO NOT LIKE THE SETTLEMENT?

    You can object to any part of the settlement. All objections must be in writing and include a signed, sworn statement that:

    1. identifies the case number;
    2. describes the basis for the objection, including citations to legal authority and evidence supporting the objection;
    3. contains the objector’s name, address, and telephone number and, if represented by counsel, the name, address, email address, and telephone number of counsel; and
    4. indicates whether the objector intends to appear at the Fairness Hearing.

    The objection must be sent to the Court by email to: [email protected] or by first-class mail to the following address:

        The Honorable Paul L. Friedman
        United States District Court for the District of Columbia
        333 Constitution Avenue, NW
        Washington, D.C. 20001
    

    You should write on the first page of the letter in large or underlined letters: “Civil Action No. 16-745-PLF: Objection to Proposed Settlement in National Veterans Legal Services Program, et al. v. United States of America.”

    At the same time, copies of the objection must be emailed or mailed by first-class mail to:

        Gupta Wessler PLLC
        2001 K Street, NW, Suite 850 North
        Washington, D.C. 20006
        [email protected]
    
        Brenda Gonzalez Horowitz
        Assistant United States Attorney
        Patrick Henry Building
        601 D Street, N.W. 
        Washington, D.C. 20530
        [email protected]
    

    All objections must be submitted at least thirty days prior to the Fairness Hearing or by Tuesday, September 12, 2023.

    Any Class Members who do not make and serve written objections in the manner provided shall be deemed to have waived such objections and shall forever be foreclosed from making any objections (by appeal or otherwise) to the settlement.

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  13. WHEN AND WHERE WILL THE COURT DECIDE WHETHER TO APPROVE THE SETTLEMENT?

    The Settlement Final Approval Hearing is scheduled for October 12, 2023 at 10:00 a.m. (Eastern Daylight Time) in Courtroom 29 in the William B. Bryant Annex to the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, 333 Constitution Avenue N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001 before the Honorable Paul L. Friedman. The public is welcome to attend in person or listen remotely via the Court’s public phone line:

    Public Phone Line: 877-848-7030 (access code 8204797).

    At the hearing, the Court will determine whether the settlement is fair, adequate, and reasonable and should be finally approved, with judgment entered accordingly. The Court will also consider the application for an award of attorneys’ fees and expense reimbursement as well as any objections. After the hearing, the Court will decide whether to approve the settlement. It is unknown how long this decision will take.

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  14. DO I HAVE TO COME TO THE HEARING?

    No, Class Counsel will answer any questions from the Court. But, any Class Member who submits a timely objection to the proposed settlement may appear in person or through counsel at the Fairness Hearing and be heard to the extent allowed by the Court.

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  15. DO SETTLEMENT CLASS MEMBERS HAVE A LAWYER IN THIS CASE?

    Yes, the Court decided that the law firms of Gupta Wessler PLLC of Washington, D.C. and Motley Rice LLC of Mount Pleasant, South Carolina are qualified to represent all Class Members. These law firms are called Class Counsel. They are experienced in handling other class actions. More information about Gupta Wessler and Motley Rice, their practices, and their lawyers’ experience is available at www.guptawessler.com and www.motleyrice.com.

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  16. IF I AM A SETTLEMENT CLASS MEMBER, SHOULD I GET MY OWN LAWYER?

    You do not need to hire your own lawyer because Class Counsel are working on your behalf. But, if you want your own lawyer, you will have to pay that lawyer. For example, you can ask him or her to appear in Court for you if you want someone other than Class Counsel to speak for you.

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  17. HOW WILL THE LAWYERS BE PAID?

    Class Counsel will ask the Court for fees and expenses. If the Court grants Class Counsel’s request, Class Counsel’s fees and expenses will be deducted from the common fund. By participating in the Class, you agree to pay Class Counsel up to 20% of the total recovery in attorney’s fees and expenses with the total amount to be determined by the Court.

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  18. ARE MORE DETAILS AVAILABLE?

    You will find the documents filed in this case at Court Documents, including the Court’s Order Certifying the Class, Plaintiff’s Complaint, Defendant’s Answer to the Complaint, a copy of the Settlement agreement, and the Court’s order preliminarily approving the settlement. You may also obtain more information by writing to: PACER Fees Class Action Administrator, P.O. Box 301134, Los Angeles, CA 90030-1134. You may speak to class counsel by emailing [email protected] or by calling 800-934-2792.

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